Sunday, October 31, 2010
Saturday, October 30, 2010
Friday, October 29, 2010
Thursday, October 28, 2010
Wednesday, October 27, 2010
Tuesday, October 26, 2010
One of the worries that people have when deciding to purchase a water fountain is which one will have the perfect array of colors to match the decor of their office, home or outdoor environment? One of the quick yet incredibly stunning solutions to this problem is purchasing a mirror wall fountain. This fountain is though clear in color is absolutely stunning.
The reason why the mirror fountain is so extraordinary is that it is able to capture the light of the light fixtures in the fountain and in turn cause the water to give off a luminous glow. This fountain also if put by a window can capture the rays of sunlight and on some days create an exquisite rainbow effect. Nothing can come close the pure and simple beauty of mirror fountains.
Another great thing about mirror fountains is that they are not limited on the size or the style of fountain. You can find one-panel fountains to three-panel fountains. You can also find beautiful Bellezza fountains that looks like a historical fountain straight from Italy as well as blue and bronze mirrored fountains the create a gorgeous luminous glow. These fountains can also be found with all different kids of frames so that it is easy to find a fountain that will blend in perfectly into any room or outdoor environment while still standing out in beauty. The variety of frames include everything from different shades of stainless steel, numerous shades of light and dark copper and stone like fiberglass.
Also one should not worry about installing mirror fountains companies such as Adagio and others supply all the necessary things to install and maintain your fountain. The fountains include a re-circulating electric pump which helps the create a quite yet soothing sound of water flowing while maximizing the use of water capacity. It also includes a built in lighting system as well as all the other materials you need to install your fountain with easy.
Not only do these fountains look beautiful though they are also great for your health. Mirror water fountains work as a natural humidifier to help you breathe more easily. How mirror fountains do this is by the constant movement of water. Through the constant movement of water there water particles that enter into the air. These water particles help to destroy and eliminate harmful dirt and dust particles that can hinder breathing. Also since mirror fountains are made with safe quality materials its much better for you than having a plastic humidifier.
This is not the only health benefit of mirror wall fountains though. It is scientifically proven that mirror fountains help to lower blood pressure, calm the nerves and to sooth those overwhelmed by stress. How a mirror fountain does this through the soothing calming sound of constant water flow.
Monday, October 25, 2010
You may find scores of beautiful cities in the world, but you won't find the city like Rome. Rome, you know, is cut from different stuff. It has its own tastes of romance and art. There are numerous magnificent museums and art galleries in the world, but the museums and art galleries of Rome have their own genre and grandeur.
Rome is the finest artworks of the world. Created by Romulus in 753 B.C., the celestial city of Rome is one of the world's richest cities in history and art. The Italian capital offers an unparalleled collection of museums and art galleries that make the city Mecca for esthetic connoisseurs. The museums and galleries make Rome the city loved and adored by artists. The city offers a constellation of museums and galleries that often gives come-hither calls to the artists and connoisseurs. Rome offers you a wide range of museums and art galleries including religious museums, archaeological museums, military museums, science museums, ancient art museums, modern art museums, etc. etc.
Borghese Museum and Gallery (Museum Galleria Borghese), established in 1613 to hold up Cardinal Scipione borghese's art collection, the Museum Galleria Borghese features the works by Rubens, Caravaggio, Raphael, Bernini, Titian, Antonello da Messina and Canova. Here you can find the most far-famed sculpts by G.L.Bernini such as "David", Canova's masterpiece, "Apollo and Daphne', 'Pluto and Proserpina', Raphael's 'Deposition', the reclining statue of Pauline Borghese, and a rich picture gallery plenty of masterpieces of absolute value amogn the others the famous "Danae" by Correggio, Caravaggio's paintings, Titian's "Sacred and Profane love."
You can watch the monuments and works of art from all the provinces of Rome at the Museum of Roman Civilization (Piazza G. Angelli). Created under the name of Museo dell'Impero Romano in 1927, the museum exhibits a great collection of artworks in its 59 rooms, which include the items that were figured in the Archaeological Exhibition at the Baths of Diocletian in 1911, and the models of single-oared warship, an apartment building in ancient Ostia Antica, and of the Colosseum.
The National Museum of Rome - Museo Nazionale Romano offer you a nice slice from the history of Rome housed in three different facilities - the Baths of Diocletian including the Palazzo Massimo, the Octagonal Hall, and the Palazzo Altemps. Some of the attractions of Rome include a wonderful statue of a Young Girl from Anzio of the first Hellenistic age; three sarcophagi with representation of the Three Graces; a fragment of a Hebrew sarcophagus figuring the seven-branch candlestick; and the Tomb of Gaius Sulpicius Platorinus and his family, that was unearthed during the building of the Tiber embankment between Ponte Sisto and the Farnesina.
The National Museum of Oriental Art (Via Merulana) is a wonderful museum dedicated to the Oriental art. The museum features pottery from the Italian archaeological excavations in the region of Sistan of the 3rd millennium B.C., bronze objects from Luristan (Iran), Islamic Art, Chinese, Japanese & Korean pottery, and Buddhist bronzes. The items of special interest include Palmyrena art of the 3rd century, an Islamic ceramic plate, glazed with epigraphic decoration from Eastern Iran, and a bottle in gold and silver with scenes of bacchanal from Iran's Sasanide period.
You can visit Doria Pamphilj Gallery at Palazzo Doria Pamphili, Piazza del Collegio Romano, where you can relish Rome's most distinguished private art collections, including works by Caravaggio, Titian, Raphael, Velázquez, Lippi, Lotto, Rubens, Guercino, Reni, Parmigianino, Bellini and Brueghel. The Doria Pamphilj Gallery is housed in the majestic Renaissance palace- Piazza del Collegio Romano- which was passed from the Della Rovere family to the Aldobrandinis in 1601 and then, when Olimpia Aldobrandini married Camillo Pamphilj senior in 1647, to the latter. This magnificent palace is that was worked on by the architect Gabriele Valvassori between 1731 and 1734.
National Gallery of Ancient Art (Palazzo Barberini, via Quattro Fontana) is your place, if you want to access some of the finest collections of 13th to 17th century artworks. Located on two sites; the Palazzo Corsini and the Palazzo Barberini (one of the grandest palaces in Rome built in 17 century), the Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica features the works by Fra Angelico, Filippo Lippi, Lorenzo Lotto, Andrea del Sarto, Perugino, Caravaggio, Canaletto and Raphael.
The Gallery of the National Academy of St. Luca (Piazza dell'Accademia di San Luca) offers you an eclectic collection of classical works by artists such as Raphael, Canova, van Dyck, Titian, Guercino, il Sassoferrato, Reni and Pietro da Cortona. Galleria dell'Accademia di San Luca is one of Rome's most prestigious galleries founded as an art academy in 1478.
Galleria Colonna is your destination to enjoy the masterpieces by artists including Lorenzo Monaco, Bronzino, Ghirlandaio, Salviati, Veronese, Palma il Vecchio, Jacopo and Domenico Tintoretto, Pietro da Cortona, Annibale Carracci, Francesco Albani, Guercino, Guido Reni, Carlo Maratta, Gaspard Dughet, Crescenzio Onofri, Girolamo Muziano, and Pompeo Batoni. Reflecting the nobility of the Colonna family, the magnificent Galleria Colonna is housed the huge complex of Palazzo Colonna that was constructed in 50 years from 1654 to 1704.
The Modern National Gallery houses offer you the most significant collection of Italian paintings and sculptures of the 19th and 20th centuries. Featuring the works by artists belonging to neo-classicism, romanticism,Tuscan Macchiaoli impressionism, and the most of the contemporary art movements, the gallery offers the works by Goya, Géricault, Delacroix, Blake, Renoir, Rossetti, Courbet, Van Gogh, Degas, Monet, Cezanne, Modigliani, Mondrian, Duchamp, de Chirico, Cara, Miró, Kandinsky and Klimt.
Besides, you can fine a number Religious Museums in Rome, which include Museum of the Souls of the Dead (Lungotevere Prati), Permanent Exhibition of the Jewish Community of Rome (Synagogue, Lungotevere Cenci), Museum of the Catacombs of St. Sebastian (via Appia Antica), Museum and Picture Gallery of the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls (Piazzale S. Paolo), Museum of St. Pancras (Piazza di S. Pancrazio, 5.d, Basilica di S. Pancrazio), Franciscan Museum (Istituto Storico dei Cappuccini, Circonvallazione Occidentale 6850, Grande Raccordo Anulare km. 65), Museum of the Historical Chamber (via S. Giovanni Decollato, 22 Church of S. Giovanni Decollato), Museum of St. John Lateran (Basilica di S. Giovanni in Laterano), and Museum of St. Vincent and Anastasius (vicolo dei Modelli).
Rome also has plenty of Archaeological Museums that include Villa Giulia National Museum (Piazzale di Villa Giulia), Forum Antiquarium (Piazza S. Maria Nuova), Barracco Museum (via dei Baullari), Archaeological Museum Ostia (located at the excavations of ancient Ostia outside Rome), Museum of Etruscan and Italic Remains & Museum of Plaster Casts (University City, Faculty of Letters, Dept. of Historical, Archaeological, and Anthropological Sciences of Antiquity), Capitoline Museum (Piazza del Campidoglio), Centrale Montemartini (Via Ostiense), Museum of the Walls (Via di Porta S. Sebastiano), Museum of Roman Ships (Fiumicino), etc.
Sunday, October 24, 2010
Saturday, October 23, 2010
Friday, October 22, 2010
Thursday, October 21, 2010
Wednesday, October 20, 2010
Looking for fall color? It is not too late to add it to your own backyard, regardless of the space you have to work with. Fall is a great time to plant colorful trees for two reasons: when you pick out your tree in the fall, you can be sure to get the color you desire and planting in the fall protects the newly planted tree from exposure to the hot summer sun.
Two favorites for this time of year are varieties of maple trees - the Amur Maple and the Japanese maple. Let's take a look at both of them.
You can plant the Amur maple in Zones 3 through 8 but if you are planting above Zone 6, make sure you do it about six weeks prior the first hard frost. The fall foliage of the Amur Maple varies in color from yellow to deep red or even purple. Again, now is the time to choose the color you prefer.
These trees do well in full sun to light shade. They love moist, well drained soil, but will tolerate dry soil to drought conditions as well as some wind. They grow fifteen to twenty feet tall and fifteen to twenty-eight feet wide. Not only will the Amur Maple provide beautiful fall foliage, but fragrant white flowers will bloom in spring. The perfect accent for your colorful spring garden!
The leaves of the Japanese maple also may vary greatly in color including yellow, bronze, red and purple. For best results, plant in zones 5 through 8. They will thrive in light dappled shade and evenly moist, well drained soil. These trees should be protected from drying winds. They will grow 15 to 25 feet tall and 10 to 25 feet wide. In spring, you will see small red or purple flowers, but you've got to look closely as they are insignificant from a distance.
A Japanese maple comes in thread-leaf - where the leaves are thin and stringy - or broad leaf.
Both the Amur and Japanese maples are great for large container planting or if you are landscaping in a small area like a sidewalk or deck. When using a container, the choices of materials are limitless - plastic tubs, wooden barrels or clay pots. Just be careful of clay in the summer as it can leach water from the soil. You might also want to put this pot on wheels so you can move it easily if need be.
Whatever your container choice, proper drainage water drainage is key. If the container does not already have drainage, drill two holes per each square foot of bottom area. Also, be sure to use a soil mixture with the proper balance of water absorption for your maple trees and at the same time is porous enough to provide air space. Miracle-Gro puts out a good water retention potting soil but it's pricey.
Now is the time to brighten up your fall landscape with a maple tree or two and enjoy the color!
Tuesday, October 19, 2010
Diaper bags by designers are now coming in various fashionable designs. You can mistake their diaper bags as the usual bags in the market for ladies. Timi and Leslie bags have shown a lot of versatility paired with chic elegance. And they remained their trademark in creating diaper bags.
They have created bags in various colors such as black, brown, bronze, blue, white, silver, pewter, pink, and purple. But of course, black is the most sought color by most women since it can be paired with almost any color. It signifies strength, boldness, and at times insolence. You can easily match black with formal and casual attires.
Here are the different Timi and Leslie diaper bags in black that you would surely love to have.
Baby Jane Diaper Bag in Black
This black diaper bag is made of faux leather. But you'll be assured that it is PVC free. It has high quality customized antique brass hardware. This bag has many compartments and pockets so you can bring all the necessities you will need in your activity outside. It has a key fob so you will never lose your keys or have a hard time finding your keys at the bottom of your bag. Just like any other Timi and Leslie bags, this bag also has a Pouchette for Mom's necessities such as credit card, cell phones, pen, and others. You will also get to have a diaper changing mat and wipes pocket inside this bag. You may easily attach the stroller strap in case you want to relieve your shoulders with the weight. It has an insulated bottle holder with clip to maintain the temperature of your baby's drinks.
Genvieve II Satchel Diaper Bag in Black
This small shoulder diaper bag is made of lightweight quilted nylon material. It also has custom hardware in antique brass finish. You will not have to worry much about the space and organizing because it has six interior pockets. It has also a key fob so you will not find it hard looking for your keys. This Timi and Leslie bag has a Pouchette in it where Mom can place her small necessities inside. Included also are diaper changing mat and pockets for the wipes. You can secure your baby's bottles in their insulated bottle pockets.
Hannah Diaper Bag Tote in Black
This Timi and Leslie bag is made of faux leather that is PVC free. It has custom made hardware in antique brass finish. You can make use of it spacious six pockets inside for more necessities to be placed inside. It has a key fob to secure your keys so that it will not get lost. It has a matching Pouchette for Mom's smell things such as cell phones, credit cards, make ups, and many more. It has a separate strap so you can easily transform its shoulder straps into stroller straps. You will not have a hard time changing baby's soiled nappy because it includes diaper changing mat and a pocket for baby's wet wipes. Baby's bottle will be kept safe and warm in the bag's insulated bottle pocket.
The Charlie II Tote Diaper Bag by Timi & Leslie in Black
This bag has lots of features such as it has stroller straps in it, it has insulated bottle holder, change mat, key holder, it has six interior pockets and many others. This black bag is made of made from faux leather and it is PVC free. It has Pouchette in it.
Monday, October 18, 2010
Sunday, October 17, 2010
This age roughly lasted from 3300 BC to 1200 BC. It was the time when civilization started to coalesce around the Fertile Crescent and spread to Asia, Europe and Africa. The Bronze Age got its name because of when metals such as copper and tin which were used for making tools and weapons. Some of the advanced technologies of that time included agricultural innovations, chariot, use of salt, construction of permanent settlements and further domestication of animals.
The Iron Age
The Iron Age dates from 1200 BC to 500 BC and was the start of Roman Empire. The use of iron became very popular during this time and many people migrated to the farther reaches of continents including Europe. Technological advancements included glass, sundial, architecture, education, ships and advances in trade.
Age of Ancient Civilizations
This age was from around 500 BC with the start of the Roman Empire to about 500 AD when it fell. Many scholars consider it as the Golden Age as there were plenty of technological innovation occurring. Some of the technological advancements included city planning, education, sanitation, paper, math, architecture, bridges, magnetic compass, religion, aqueducts, road building, law and government, art, concrete, philosophy and more.
The Middle Ages
This age was from 500 AD to about 1500 in Europe. It began to grow in all areas of society that ushered in the Renaissance period. Several technological advancements during this period included the windmill, mechanical clock, architecture, military, spectacles and innovations in agriculture.
Muslim Agricultural Revolution
The Islamic world located predominantly in the Middle East revolutionized during the 8th century. It globalized a variety of agriculture techniques and crops. Some technological innovation of this time included the fountain pen, coffee, quartz glass, hard soap, shampoo, and celestial globe, innovations in math, nitric acid and incendiary devices.
The Renaissance Period
The beginning of Renaissance period marked from the period of the 14th century to the 16th century. Some of the major innovations during this time period occurred in education. Many schools and universities were developed and other disciples like architecture, medicine and philosophy grew.
Age of Exploration
This time period lasted from the 1400's to 1600's. When trade became a great means of wealth countries in Europe, this was the start of the Age of Exploration. It dominated technology and innovation mainly shipping, navigation and cartography.
The Industrial Revolution
It was the time of great innovation because of energy and steam engine. This happened mostly in Britain in the late 18th and 19th centuries. With the Industrial Revolution came the transportation revolution, this made transportation much easier people.
The 19th and 20th Centuries
Enormous innovations in technology have occurred during the last two centuries. There are so many innovations which make up a long list. However it is important to note that these innovations were because of the previous discoveries. The enormous innovations that have occurred over the last 200 years included television, radio, telephone, automobile, computer, internet, medicine, airplane, photography, nuclear power, spacecraft and much more.
Today, the society has been vastly changed due to innovations and enhancements from technology. It took centuries in the past for the society to be what it is today. Technology has an enormous impact on the society. Still technology has long way to go ahead.
Saturday, October 16, 2010
Whatever the style of your garden, enhancing your lawn and garden decor with garden ornaments is a great way to complement the plants and bring a mature feel to any garden or back yard.
Terracotta pots on patios and terraces will enhance a Mediterranean arrangement, Classical statues and fountains will make a formal garden come alive and statues of an oriental divinity will effectively evoke a Japanese garden.
Features to Surprise
Some elements of surprise are welcome with any lawn and garden decor. A birdbath or a bird table installed at a turning in a path can be particularly eye catching.
For a touch of humor, place statues and ornaments in out of the way and out of the ordinary places. Tuck a tall bird statue away behind a clump of bamboos and let bronze frogs, snakes and hedgehogs cross a terrace or lurk in low ground cover. Allow a few jolly clay piglets to tumble down a flight of steps.
For a touch of romance, a shy nymph looks especially charming in any lawn and garden decor when glimpsed through sprays of roses and ivy.
Distracted by a Statue
An ornament urn or a statue placed slightly off center at the end of a lawn will make the garden appear larger and draw attention away from any shortcomings it may have.
Creating a Background
An evergreen backdrop to a statue or a fountain will make it stand out. The use of ivy, yew or box are especially effective for your lawn and garden decor.
Unless your containers are frost proof, make sure you bring them inside during the winter months. Those with garland decoration are particularly vulnerable as water can seep behind the garlands and freeze causing them to crack and flake off.
Raising The Level
When standing a potted plant inside a deep terracotta jar, raise it to the level of the rim of the jar by standing it on an upturned flower pot hidden inside the jar.
Friday, October 15, 2010
Thursday, October 14, 2010
Imagine a writer sitting at his desk by candlelight or lantern during the early 1800's, using a quill pen and occasionally dipping it in ink. With the creation of writing fluids came the question of what to house it in. The origins of inkwells date back to cave dwellers, the early Egyptians and ancient Chinese. An inkwell is a small container often typically made from metal with glass inserts, used for holding ink. They were conveniently placed where the writer can easily access it. Sometimes inkwells served a duo purpose: holding ink and used as a paperweight. As the writer dipped his pen into the inkwell, he retracted what was needed to continue writing.
Vintage inkwells are just as fascinating as the contents they hold. When thinking about collecting inkwells, be sure to thoroughly research an inkwell's period and material it is made from, to distinguish counterfeits and reproductions. Most inkwells produced prior to the 1800's may be found in museums. Usually, an inkwell has a hinged or screwed-on lid to prevent contamination, evaporation, accidental spillage, and excessive exposure to air. Many inkwell motifs were made in the shape of people, animals, geometric shapes, shoes and boats.
You will find that inkwells were produced in a variety of materials like shells, pottery, wood, sandstone, porcelain, cast iron, bronze and brass. Many vintage pieces are heavily ornate with intricate details. Inkwells came in assorted categories:
o Travel inkwells
o Brush inkwells
o Colored glass inkwells
o Art Deco
o Figural inkwells
o Pump inkwells
Several companies sporting their names on the labels of ink bottles during the fame of the fountain pen were Quink, Carter's Ink, Sanford's Pen It, Hall's Ink, Pelikan, Visco Ink and Palmer's Ink. Ink wells, were sometimes used in advertising as a gift with purchase. With the design of pens carrying their own supply of ink, by the 1930's the need for inkwells declined.
Here are some resources to refer to as you either begin or add to your vintage inkwell collection:
o The Collector's Guide to Inkwells: Identification & Values (Paperback) by Veldon Badders
o The Collector's World of Inkwells (Hardcover) by Jean and Franklin Hunting
o The Write Stuff: Collector's Guide To Inkwells, Fountain Pens, and Desk Accessories by Ray and Bevy Jaegers
You can find many vintage inkwells in antique shops, antique shows or gain information from SOIC. The Society of Inkwell Collectors (SOIC) was founded in 1981. It is dedicated to the establishment and enhancement of collecting inkwells and writing accessories as a hobby, and to the scholarly study of the role of inkwells and writing accessories in history. The SOIC provides its members with an opportunity to meet, communicate, and share information with inkwell collectors worldwide.
The more we study the progression of writing, the more we continue to discover many elements that contributed to the success of writing. Inkwells clearly defined their importance as a necessary writing accoutrement. Functionality, along with rare beauty and design characteristics give inkwell collecting an incredible place in writing history.
Wednesday, October 13, 2010
Tuesday, October 12, 2010
Monday, October 11, 2010
Sunday, October 10, 2010
Saturday, October 9, 2010
Friday, October 8, 2010
Thursday, October 7, 2010
Wednesday, October 6, 2010
Tuesday, October 5, 2010
Russian artist, Naum Gabo was a renowned 'Constructivist' sculptor, writer and teacher. Born on August 5, 1890 in the Jewish family of six children, in Briansk, Russia, Naum Gabo was christened Naum Neemia Pevsner. His father owned metal works in Russia and his elder brother, Antoine Pevsner, was a 'Constructivist' painter. Naum Gabo was multilingual and was able to speak and write German, French, and English, in addition to Russian.
After finishing his school in 1910 at Kursk, Naum Gabo enrolled himself in the Munich University, where he studied medicine, natural sciences, alongside learning art history under Heinrich Wölfflin. It was in 1912, when he was attending an engineering institute in Munich that he first came across 'Abstract Art.' Naum Gabo's education in engineering helped him in developing and mastering his sculptural work that involved the usage of mechanical tools. In the year 1913, Naum Gabo joined hands with his brother to pursue arts in Paris, where he met some 'Cubist' painters. Around this time, Gabo had gained popularity and even won Logan Medal of the Arts.
He migrated to Copenhagen and then to Oslo, after the outbreak of the First World War. Naum Gabo's earlier works were mostly 'figurative,' where cardboard & wood found maximum usage. His first construction came in existence in the year 1915. One of his famous sculptures of those times, "Head No.2," now graces the Tate Collection, representing the volume of a figure without carrying proportionate mass.
Naum Gabo returned to Russia in 1917, after spending five years with his brother in Moscow. During this period, he contributed his works to the Agit-prop exhibitions and took up teaching at the Higher Art and Technical Workshop. Making good use of his technical education, he tried to experiment with a process called 'Kinetic Sculpture' around this time. Naum Gabo jointly with his brother, Antoine, got his book 'Realistic Manifesto' published in 1920, which was a pioneering work in documenting 'Constructivism.'
Naum Gabo then moved to Germany, where he met various artists of the de Stijl, the Dutch artistic movement of 1917, and also taught at Bauhaus, the school of crafts and fine arts. He designed a fountain in Dresden, which was later destroyed. The artist and his brother, Antonie, rolled out a 'Realistic Manifesto' in August 1920, which promoted 'Constructivism,' while criticizing 'Cubism' and 'Futurism.' The duo had a joint exhibition in Paris in the year 1924, and designed the stage & costumes for Diaghilev's ballet 'La Chatte,' in 1926. Naum Gabo was also a member of the Abstraction-Creation Group in Paris during 1932-36. He moved to London in the year 1936, and lived in Cornwall for the most of his stay. He finally shifted to the US in 1946, and got US citizenship in 1952.
Naum Gabo's art focused on the concept of time and space, using a wide variety of materials, such as plastics, fishing line, bronze, sheets of Perspex, and boulders to make 'Surreal' sculptures. His works represented a beautiful blend of tangible and intangible elements. Naum Gamo is considered as one of the greatest artists of all times, whose art pieces still generate enough interest, to be displayed at a number of public collections, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York and the Tate Gallery in London. The legendary artist breathed his last on August 23, 1977.
Monday, October 4, 2010
Dada was an artistic and literary movement that started in Europe when World War I was going on. Because of the war, many artists, intellectuals and writers, especially those from France and Germany, moved to Switzerland, which was a neutral country. Instead of being relieved that they had escaped, the artists, intellectuals and writers were furious with the modern society. So, they decided to show their protest through artistic medium. They decided to create non-art since art in the society anyway had no meaning.
The so-called non-artists turned to creating art that had soft obscenities, scattered humor, visible puns and everyday objects. The most outrageous painting was created by Marcel Duchamp, when he painted a mustache on a copy of Mona Lisa and scribbled obscenities under it. He also created his sculpture called Fountain, which was actually a urinal without the plumbing and it had a fake signature.
The public were repulsed by the Dada movement. However, the Dadaists found this attitude encouraging. And, slowly the movement spread from Zurich to other parts of Europe and New York City. Just as many mainstream artists were thinking about this movement seriously, the Dada movement dissolved around the early 1920s.
This art movement was a protest, but at the same time it managed to be enjoyable and amusing. It was sarcastic, colorful, quirky and silly. If a person at that time had not been aware of the logic behind the movement, he or she would have been wondering what the artist was up to creating pieces like the ones that were created. However, the artist who created the Dada art was very serious about his work. The movement did not favor one medium over another. It used everything from glass to plaster to geometric tapestries to wooden reliefs. In addition, the movement was also responsible for influencing many trends in the field of visual art, the most well-known being Surrealism.
Sunday, October 3, 2010
A Koi pond is different from a regular fish pond containing goldfish and a few small Koi carp. It is much more expensive to build and maintain. Breeding and Keeping these fish to professional breeding standards is a very expensive business and necessitates the need for professional filtration equipment, not to mention a large pool, usually in excess of 10,000 gallons.
The first real difference between the professional and the hobbyist is the difference in time and effort needed to grow and care for Koi. These large fish require a lot of extra care and specialist filtration equipment to maintain clear, pure water. They will consume vast amounts of specially developed food and produce a lot of liquid and solid waste, as a consequence of their healthy appetites.
The following pointers will explain some of the major differences:
* The pool size is a major factor. Exercise is important for the correct development of shape and form on Koi. In order to be able to exercise they need a lot of space in which to swim around. Also bear in mind that there will be quite a few fish and not just a single individual.
* The water depth is another factor. The average fish pond is between 2 feet and 3 feet deep. A Koi pond needs to be significantly deeper than this and will normally be between 5 and 6 feet deep. The minimum depth would need to be at least 40 inches.
* Specialized biological filtration systems are needed. A typical box type filter with bio balls or other low cost biomedia will not cope with the work load. Fluidized bed filters (bead filters) or vortex filter systems are needed, in order to quickly break down the build up of high volumes of ammonia and solid waste. These systems alone can cost several thousand dollars.
* The last thing that is needed is a large development of green water, caused by algae blooms. It is critical to use a correctly specified, high powered UV sterilizer, to destroy the algae bloom and to sanitize the water by killing pathogenic micro organisms, including bacteria and viruses. Excess algae interfere with the pH; a high pH makes even small quantities of ammonia, potentially lethal. Algae blooms also increase the levels of carbon dioxide and starve the water of oxygen at night time; worst case scenario you end up with dead fish.
* Koi are sensitive creatures that prefer warmer water. In the Northern US states, Canada and Northern Europe many breeders use a mechanism for heating the the water, to maintain an ambient temperature for these sensitive fancy fish. If you want to encourage maximum growth and prevent stress and death then it is important to be aware of this factor.
* The heart of any water garden is the pump. Whilst small submersible models are ideal for the average garden pond they will be no where near powerful enough for professional systems. Ideally the volume of water needs to be turned over at least every couple of hours. In a large system with a volume of 10,000 gallons or more this will necessitate the need of a much more powerful pump. External centrifugal pumps are commonly used. They have been designed to handle large volumes of water and high flow rates.
* A pump and biological filter need to be working constantly in order to provide a continued supply of oxygen and water to the nitrifying bacteria, responsible for converting toxic ammonia and nitrites into much less harmful nitrate. What would happen if there was an electricity cut, leaving you without power for some time? A backup electricity source would be required, which would need to kick in as soon as the main power supply was interrupted.
* You will be totally amazed at the number of people who spend a fortune on their water gardening equipment but then try to save a few dollars by purchasing inferior Koi fish food. They need proper nutrition, containing the right balance of protein, trace elements, vitamins and colour enhancers to develop properly.
* In a typical Koi pond there is no such thing as too much oxygen. Large volumes of oxygen are needed. A air pump is a great way to ensure maximum oxygen saturation.
Saturday, October 2, 2010
Friday, October 1, 2010